Welcome to the most advanced level of English 2A (hence the clever name). The aims of this course include providing students with opportunities to (a) use oral English skills obtained prior to entering the university, (b) extend that knowledge through a variety of speaking and listening activities, and (c) gain confidence in their ability to function in English both inside and outside the academic community of the university.

The Basics ...

English 2A (advanced) syllabus

As you'll soon understand, I insist on polite email when you contact me. For those of you that are new to my classes, note that you must write to me in appropriately formal language. Lest you not know exactly what I mean by a polite email in English, please take a close look at how to write a polite e-mail.

 Course requirements 

  • ✔ Reaction reports (a total of 8)
  • ✔ In-class presentations
  • ✔ Additional reading from The New York Times
  • ✔ Active participation in class

Another facet of our class is perhaps less exciting yet nonetheless important. If you've spoken to students from last year's class, you'll know that I require so-called reaction reports about some of our classes. I see that we have 10 classes plus the documentary, so there are 11 possible topics, of which you are required to respond to eight. (Thus, you do not need to respond to three.) Here you'll find two examples, one of which was done as a Word document, and the second of which was done as a blog entry. In the latter case, the student simply sent me the blog URL.

In-class presentations: I would like you to help present the material in our textbook, so you will be working in pairs and presenting short presentations about our respective topics. For each topic, I would like three presentations, one about the vocabulary from the textbook passage, a second about the background of the issue, and a third with an 'extension' of the topic.

 Reading The New York Times 

This section includes random — yet somehow related — links from the units in our textbook, Reading The New York Times, by Hideki Watanabe and Yoshitaka Kozuka. Enjoy!

First, as you'll know from class, you are required to do some extra reading from the the NY Times website, where you'll be able to read up to 10 articles per month for free.

 Chapter 1 — Security Council Reform 

 Week 1 — Security Council Reform (April 15, 2016) 

Let's begin with a worksheet on the United Nations.

The video to the left is from the Council on Foreign Relations, an independent think tank and publisher. CFR is perhaps best known for its journal, Foreign Affairs, which is "widely considered to be the most influential magazine for the analysis and debate of foreign policy and economics."

Another interested party in this debate is the Global Policy Forum (GPF), a private "global policy watchdog" devoted to monitoring the UN and scrutinizing global policymaking. On the GPF webpage you'll find quite an archive of material dealing with this issue.

 Week 2 — UN Peacekeeping (April 22, 2016) 

Today we will—time permitting—glance at a series of videos on UN peacekeeping operations. The first looks at this question: What is peacekeeping? The second examines the current, very complex nature of modern peacekeeping operations. Finally, we have a clip on the 60-plus years of UN peacekeeping.

Here you'll find an article from Thomas Weiss that appeared in the Washington Quarterly in 2003; the article was titled The Illusion of UN Security Council Reform Abstract
Can changing the membership or procedures of the United Nations Security Council improve its credibility? In the controversy surrounding a possible UN imprimatur for the use of force against Iraq, the debate over the council?s credibility shifted from the question of adequate representation to whether the group can constrain U.S. power. Now, the obstacles to Security Council credibility go beyond issues of process - exclusive permanent membership and the right to veto - to include unparalleled U.S. military might. With the exception of the 1965 expansion from 11 to 15 members, efforts at Security Council reform since the organization?s inception in 1945 have repeatedly proved implausible; today, uncontested U.S. power makes such efforts largely irrelevant. At the same time, in choosing among available tactics and strategies, Washington should think twice about acting alone. Making better use of the Security Council in its current form?indeed, of the UN system more broadly? is usually in U.S. interests and should remain the preferred policy option.
(mouseover to read the abstract). As you'll know from class, one part of your homework is to contact me and request that I send you the entire article.

 Homework: 

  • ✔ Request the Weiss (2003) article from me (by polite email).
  • ✔ Prepare your group's statement for next week.
  • ✔ Note that although April 29 is a national holiday, we will have class on that day.

 Week 3 — Discussion (April 29, 2016) 

As you likely have guessed, today we (note the plural form) will engage in a discussion of this UN conundrum. Be prepared to make a group presentation of your group's position. You may, of course, augment your presentation with PowerPoint.

On page 150 of the Weiss (2003) article we find a comment about "the downfall of the League of Nations," with which we should be familiar. In this handy clip is an introduction to the League, which unfortunately met its demise only a couple short decades after its inception. It did, however, lay the groundwork for the UN, which has endured and been much more successful.

 Homework: 

 Unit 4 — Rare Earth Metals 

 Week 4 — Mining Rare Earth Metals (May 6, 2016) 

Although not particularly rare, so-called rare earth metals have nonetheless become extremely important and quite valuable in today's world. In case you're wondering, the "rare" is an archaic usage that means difficult and refers to the difficulty in separating the various rare earth metals, which occur together.

Here we have an excellent article on rare earth metals from Scientific American.

The video to the right is from the BBC and addresses the heavy environmental of mining rare earth metals in China.

 Week 5 — China, the US, and Rare Earths (May 13, 2016) 

As you'll recall, last week we watched a news report about the Baodai rare earth mining and its various environmental problems. A rather different facility is the Mountain Pass Mine in California.

Of course, the mine itself isn't the entire story. Mountain Pass is a tiny, unincorporated town which depends on the mine for much of its livelihood.

A recent development was China's loss in a WTO-mediated trade dispute over rare earth exports.

 Homework: 

 Week 6 — An Inconvenient Truth (May 20, 2016) 

Today we will devote our class to watching "An Inconvenient Truth," a 2006 documentary featuring Al Gore, a former vice president of the United States. Mr. Gore has been a long-time advocate of taking steps to address climate change.

 Homework: 

 Unit 7 —Top-Rated Schools in Shanghai 

 Week 7 — Shanghai Schools (May 27, 2016) 

According to results from PISA, schools in Shanghai perform exceedingly well in comparison with nearly all schools worldwide. In this unit, we'll explore some about schools in China and why they do so well. In addition, we'll also look at the other end of the spectrum and specifically examine Montsorri schooling as well as a phenomenon that has gained some popularity in the US: home schooling.

Let's begin with this clip to the right about how Shanghai schools outperform all other schools — quite an accomplishment.

Here we have a longer clip about strong scholastic performers and successful reformers. We won't watch this in class, but feel free to do so on your own time.


Of course, schools vary in many ways. This clip to the right is the first in a very good series about Chinese schools in general.


 Some additional links: 

 Week 8 — Extracurricular Schools Elsewhere (June 3, 2016) 

While cram schools have a firm foothold in some Asian countries, they have been gaining in popularity in the US, too.

Something that has been noted often is that Asian immigrants and their children tend to do very well academically. Of course, that begs the question of why they do well. Here you'll find some thoughts about why they excel as well as a cautionary note about stereotypes.

You might not be familiar with the 'tiger mom' reference in the previous article. If so, here is the original article that claims that Chinese mothers are superior. I'll allow you to draw your own conclusions after reading the article.

One alternative method of education is the Montessori system. In this system, children enjoy a great deal of freedom to explore and learn as they want and at their own pace.

A second method worthy of consideration is called home schooling, which means, of course, that children are schooled at home by their parents. In the clip to the right, you'll learn about one such family in the United States. As noted in the video, some two million children receive education in this way, which is not a trivial number. In Japan, good people, can students be homeschooled? If so, how many are educated in that way?

 Some additional links: 

 Week 9 — Preparation for Debate (June 10, 2016) 

 Week 10 — Debate on Extracurricular Education (June 17, 2016) 

As you likely have guessed, we (note the plural form) will engage in a discussion of education styles today. Be prepared to make a group presentation of your group's position. You may, of course, augment your presentation with PowerPoint.

 More debate material: 

 Unit 10 — Fukushima Nuclear Disaster 

 Week 11 — Fukushima Nuclear Disaster (June 24, 2016) 

In the article in your textbook, in line 24 we find mention of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAIA). Notice that on the righthand side of this webpage you'll find 'Fukushima Status Reports'.

The IAEA is a remarkable organization, with some of its myriad roles explained in the video to the right (which is courtesy of the IAEA).

 Week 12 — The Future of Nuclear Power (July 1, 2016) 

In line 28 we read about the Three Mile Island accident in Pennsylvania in 1979.

Here we have an interesting attempt to mitigate the problem of groundwater flow in the area of the Fukushima reactors: a very long (1km) wall of ice.

However, that plan has, as of June, 2014, hit a snag: the temperature of the pipes is not low enough to freeze the giant wall.

As you'll recall from class, we encountered the acronym NIMBY, which means, of course, Not in my backyard. This is often used in relation to environmental issues in which a potential solution to a problem is sidetracked by the issue of where to locate that solution. Nuclear power is fine in a theoretical sense, but would you want a nuclear power plant beside (or in) your backyard? I didn't think so. At any rate, in the clip to the right you'll see a person expressing concern about proximity to a nuclear power plant.

Whereas Japan is now mostly free of nuclear power and thus (overly) dependent on oil, gas, and renewable sources of electricity, France gets some 80% of its electricity from nuclear power. The French have an excellent safety record, have pioneered nuclear reprocessing technology, and also have the cleanest air of any industrialized country. Might we emulate the French?

Our upcoming town meeting: As you likely have guessed (having cleverly glanced at the schedule for our final weeks) in our final class this term on July 22 we will engage in a town meeting, which is a form of democracy widely practiced in New England in the US. Sure, go ahead and tell me about the image to the right!

What exactly does a town meeting entail? Well, Good People, it is a modified form of parlimentary procedure for conducting meetings. In this style, various types of motions comprise the workings of the meeting, which are overseen by the meeting's moderator. (The complete town meeting handbook from Brookline, MA, includes further information if you have lots of free time to read it!)

 More town meeting material: 

The obvious issue at this point is what particular role(s) you all will play in thie town meeting. Those, Good People, you will select from a list that I will provide.

 Week 13 — Alternate Sources of Energy (July 8, 2016) 

Ogunquit, Maine:  This, Folks, is the quaint little town where you all live, work, and spend your days (well, for the purposes of our town meeting). Lovely place, isn't it? That charm is, of course, a very important asset of Ogunquit and of crucial importance to the town's existence. However, other people have ideas for your fine town ...

To the right you'll find a debate-style TED talk by Stewart Brand and Mark Z. Jacobson on the necessity of using nuclear energy rather than using renewable sources such as hydropower or wind power. Should you want to, feel free to follow along with the transcript of the Brand-Jacobson debate.

Solar Energy: Material on solar encoming here on alternate sources of energy.

Hydropower: Additional material coming here on alternate sources of energy.

Wind power: Even more material coming here on alternate sources of energy.

 Week 14 — Preparation for Town Meeting (July 15, 2016) 

Much of our class today will be devoted to preparing for next week's town meeting.

 Week 15 — Town Meeting (July 22, 2016) 

Indeed, folks, we will have our town meeting today, and we will decide on the future of energy source(s) in our fine community.

Remember that we will have no final exam (yes, I know you're very disappointed).

Writing

As you know from class, I require polite email. Recall, too, that if you send me a file, the filename has a certain form.

Here's an example of the report style that you should use.

Extra Material

As you know from class, we will spend our time on the nuclear energy unit and the related issue of sustainable energy.

 Unit 2 — Defense of Japan 

 Week ## — Expanding Japanese Defense (date here) 

With our final unit of this first term, we come full circle. The world is, unfortunately, not such a safe place at times, and one of the rights that all states (read: countries) claims is the right of self-defense. This is a particularly tricky issue for Japan, whose constitution specifically renounces the use of war.

As you may know, Mr. Abe and his cronies have supported expanding the role of Japan's SDF overseas, but widespread opposition has been quite apparent. In the video at this link, al Jazeera convened a panel to discuss this development.

 Week ## — Senkaku Islands Situation (date here) 

As you are certainly aware, we will examine a discrete situation that has

An ongoing dispute, this one. From a year and a half ago, here is a story about Japan flexing its military muscle. Have a look at the Multimedia link on the left side below the first paragraph — an excellent map.

The video to the right is ...

For a recent commentary on China's somewhat aggressive moves, here we have T. Dean Reed from the Huffington Post, which is a rather liberal news aggregator and blog.

Finally, here is a good page of background information on the Senkaku Island dispute.

Here is an excellent map of the various territorial claims festering in the East China and South China seas.

Here is a nicely-written essay from a Taiwanese academic on the one perspective on the Senkaku/Diaoyu dispute. This is worth a careful read although you might not agree with it.

Miscellaneous

Although of no particular relevance to our class, here is an example of a mouseover abstract from a recent article. The 2010 article by Nancy McCormack addressed the question of whether "Are e-books making us stupid". Specifically, she looked closely at what might become of libraries as we move increasingly toward reading e-books instead of paper books. The abstract is here Abstract
In 2008, Nicholas Carr published a provocative article titled gIs Google making us stupid?h in which he ponders the effect of the internet and electronic sources generally on the brain. This paper discusses one source specifically, e-books, and explores whether libraries are acting wisely by moving from print to electronic book collections. The topic is considered from the vantage point of the library and from that of the patron. Specifically, the prospect of an all or largely all e-book future is considered and whether that future means an end to traditional library collections and services. The potential problems for gdeep readingh are also considered, and, specifically, whether e-books can serve as an adequate substitute for patrons who will no longer be able to use electronic collections in the way they once used print. In short, this paper explores whether e-books are making us librarians and patrons stupid.
(mouseover to read it).

URL: www.jimelwood.net/students/meiji/english2Aadv/english2Aadv.html

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Date last updated: July 1, 2016 * Copyright 2016 by Midas, Cyrus, and all the other lunatics.